Respiratory Allergy – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Respiratory allergy occurs when the immune system recognizes a substance that does not pose any threat, such as dangerous or harmful substances. This results in the body producing histamine, which causes inflammation that leads to an allergic reaction. The above respiratory allergies can be caused by a number of triggers, resulting in uncomfortable symptoms and in some cases life-threatening.

What is Respiratory Allergy?
Usually, allergic reactions are caused by substances to which allergy sufferers have become sensitive (allergens). Many people may be allergic to the allergens present in the breathing air, in which case they are talking about respiratory allergy.

Some of these allergens can directly cause respiratory illness or exacerbate previously present conditions in susceptible people, such as children and the elderly. The most common respiratory allergies are asthma and rhinitis (also known as hay fever), which may occur separately or together at once.

What are the causes of respiratory allergy?
A person’s tendency to have an allergy is inherited, although the disease is also caused by external factors. About 50% or more of children whose parents have allergies also develop the disease. Sudden climate changes contribute to allergy crises, with more cases of colds, flu and mites that come from coats and blankets stored for months in closets. Hay fever, caused by pollen, is usually worse in the spring.

Signs and symptoms of a respiratory allergy?
Symptoms of rhinitis are caused by excessive secretions of the mucous glands in the nose, congestion of the large veins in the nasal cavity, which leads to obstruction of nasal airflow and irritation of the sensory nerves in the nose, throat and eyes due to inflammation.

Thus, the respiratory allergy causes runny nose and / or sneezing, coughing, chest tightness, wheezing, shortness of breath, itching, sore eyes, rashes and papules, sinus congestion, headache, and sleep disturbance. And lack of focus. These symptoms get worse early in the morning.

Asthma symptoms are caused by excess secretions in the airways, smooth muscle spasm in the bronchial wall, and inflammatory swelling of the bronchial mucosa. These changes block the flow of air in and out of the lungs. Increased obstruction during exhalation leads to shortness of breath, wheezing, and chest entrapment. Coughing is caused by excessive secretions and inflammation of the airways.

Respiratory Allergy Diagnosis?
Early diagnosis of a respiratory allergy is not always an easy task. It is based on the patient’s detailed medical history, along with a survey of others in the family who have a history of allergies. It is this date that will help determine the sensitivity of the problem.

For rhinitis, skin and blood tests may be done. In cases of asthma, the doctor may also order specific tests, such as a lung function test, such as a spirometry, for example, a chest X-ray and some skin tests, due to the strong association between respiratory sensitivity and asthma.

Respiratory allergy treatments?
Respiratory allergies hardly have a permanent cure. People often turn to nasal decongestants during an allergic crisis, however, despite the temporary relief these medications may cause, they worsen symptoms as their effect wears off. The best indication is to use a saline solution in moderate amounts to wash the nostrils.

Antihistamines can control and reduce allergy symptoms, but there is also the possibility of treatment with vaccines that relieve allergy symptoms. Topical corticosteroids have played an important role in treating respiratory allergies, as with immunomodulators, when they are well indicated by a healthcare professional.

How do you prevent respiratory allergy?
Patients should avoid polluted and dry weather, as this worsens the respiratory sensitivity. Cold seasons may increase the risk of respiratory complications such as rhinitis and asthma because allergens remain suspended in the air for longer due to dry weather.

A good way to avoid allergies is to ensure that the baby is breastfed and to avoid exposing children under the age of one year to animal hair and other allergens.

You should also avoid house dust, dead skin of people and animals, carpet fibers, mold, animal hair, fungal spores, and mites. Some practical steps might be putting on pillowcases and mattresses, keeping the house clean and free of dust, venting rooms daily, avoiding places full of smoke, mold, and odor, and drinking at least two liters of water a day.

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